The Origin of Bible


The origin of Bible - The Bible is God’s Word in written form. God is the one who inspired the writing of the Bible. He used about 40 different men to write the Bible. It took the men over 1500 years to write the Bible.

God is therefore the author of the Bible.

Still talking about the origin of Bible, this was what God told Jeremiah in Jeremiah 36:2…

“Get a scroll and write on it everything that I have told you about Israel and Judah and all the nations. Write everything that I have told you from the time I first spoke to you, when Josiah was king, up to the present.” - Good News Bible

And in John Revelation 1:19 the Lord Jesus said to Apostle John…

“Write, then, the things you see, both the things that are now and the things that will happen afterward.” Good News Bible

The Origin of Bible: Why Did God Inspire People to Write the Bible?

The Bible itself gives the answer to this question. It says…

God therefore uses the teachings in the Bible to teach us the truth, to rebuke us when we do wrong, correct our faults, and how to live the kind of life He wants us to live.

16. All Scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching the truth, rebuking error, correcting faults, and giving instruction for right living,

17. so that the person who serves God may be fully qualified and equipped to do every kind of good deed – 2 Timothy 3:16-17 Good News Bible

God therefore uses the teachings in the Bible to teach us the truth, to rebuke us when we do wrong, correct our faults, and show us how to live the kind of life He wants us to live.

The Origin of Bible: Two Main Divisions of the Bible

To do the above effectively, the Bible is divided into two major divisions. The divisions are Old Testament and New Testament

The word Testament means covenant and “covenant” means agreement. This means that God made two agreements with human beings.

The first agreement God made with human beings is written in the Old Testament. The New Testament is a record of the second agreement He made with human beings. God made the new agreement through His Son who is Jesus Christ.

God made these two agreements in order to bring back sinful man to be in right relationship with God.

Both Old and New Testaments are God’s Word. We must therefore study the two testaments. They are God’s messages to us. It is wrong for us to disregard the Old Testament by saying that it is “old”.

The Origin of Bible: Additional Divisions of the Bible

Apart from the two main divisions of the Bible – Old and New Testaments, the Bible is further divided into 66 books.

While the Old Testament has 39 books, the New Testament comprises of 27 books.

The Origin of Bible: Old Testament Divisions

The Origin of Bible: Old Testament Divisions

The Old Testament is divided into four main groups namely:

• Law

• History

• Poetry

• Prophecy

This is how these four main groups are sub-divided…

The Origin of Bible: Books of the Law

The books of the Law are five. They are…

1. Genesis

2. Exodus

3. Leviticus

4. Numbers

5. Deuteronomy

The books of the Law contain information of how God created the world and human beings. They also contain the history of man and how God raised the people of Israel so that He can reveal Himself to the nations of this world.

The Origin of Bible: The Books of History

The books are twelve. They are…

1. Joshua                7. 2nd Kings  

2. Judges                8. 1st Chronicles

3. Ruth                   9. 2nd Chronicles

4. 1st Samuel          10. Ezra

5. 2nd Samuel          11. Nehemiah

6. 1st Kings             12. Esther


The Origin of Bible: The Books of Poetry

The books of Poetry are five and they are…

1. Job

2. Psalms

3. Proverbs

4. Ecclesiastes

5. Song of Solomon

People of Israel use the contents of these books to worship God.

The books of the prophecy are 17 and they are made up of two groups. The groups are...

Major Prophets:                                           Minor Prophets:

1. Isaiah                                              1. Hosea

2. Jeremiah                                          2. Joel

3. Lamentations                                    3. Amos

4. Ezekiel                                             4. Obadiah

5. Daniel                                              5. Jonah

6. Micah

7. Nahum

8. Habakkuk

9. Zephaniah

10. Haggai

11. Zechariah

12. Malachi

Note:The division of the books of the prophets into Major and Minor Prophets does not mean that the Major Prophets are more important than the Minor Prophets.

The title (Major and Minor) are simply used because the books of the Major Prophets are longer than those written by the Minor Prophets.

Many of the prophecies in these books have been fulfilled and the rest are on their way coming to fulfillment.

The Origin of Bible: New Testament Divisions

The New Testament is also divided into four main groups. The groups are…

• The Gospels

• History

• Letters

• Prophecy

The Gospels

They are made up of these four books…

1. Matthew

2. Mark

3. Luke

4. John

The books of the Gospels talk about how Jesus was born, His life on earth, how He died and about His resurrection.

When you study the books of the Gospels, they will lead you to believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

The Book of History

There is only one book of History in the New Testament. The name of the book is Acts.

The book of Acts talks about how the church began. It also talks about how the church worked hard to fulfill the commission Christ Jesus gave her. That commission is to spread the Gospel (Good News) to every where in the world.


The New Testament has 21 letters. These are the names of the letters...

1. Romans                                            12. Titus      


2. 1st Corinthians                                  13. Philemon


3. 2nd Corinthians                                  14. Hebrews


4. Galatians                                          15. James


5. Ephesians                                         16. 1ˢᵗ Peter


6. Philippians                                         17. 2ⁿᵈ Peter


7. Colossians                                         18. 1ˢᵗ John            


8. 1st Thessalonians                              19. 2ⁿᵈ John


9. 2nd Thessalonians                              20. 3ʳᵈ John


10. 1st Timothy                                    21. Jude


11. 2nd Timothy                                   

The letters in the New Testament are addressed to believers all over the world. The writers of the letters wrote them so we would know how to live the kind Christian life that God approves. The letters are also to help us do what the Lord Jesus commanded us to do.

The Origin of Bible: The Book of Prophecy

There is only one book of prophecy in New Testament. The name of the book is Revelation.

The book of Revelation tells us about the final victory Jesus Christ and His people will win against the kingdom of the devil.

We should therefore continue to live approved by God until when Christ comes back.

The book of Revelation summarizes its message by saying in chapter 2, verse 10…

“Don't be afraid of anything you are about to suffer. Listen! The Devil will put you to the test by having some of you thrown into prison, and your troubles will last ten days. Be faithful to me, even if it means death, and I will give you life as your prize of victory.” - Good News Bible

Finally, having seen above that the Bible originated from God, it is important you keep very close to Him in order to positively and profitably apply His Word to your life. This site - - is one of the websites that would help you develop a closer relationship with God.

Return from The Origin of Bible to Mercy Christian Ministry Homepage

Enjoy this page? Please pay it forward.Here's how...

Would you prefer to share this page with others by linking to it?

  1. Click on the HTML link code below.
  2. Copy and paste it, adding a note of your own, into your blog, a Web page, forums, a blog comment, your Facebook account, or anywhere that someone would find this page valuable.